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Module 06: Network Penetration Testing Methodology-Internal / 2

Written By AKADEMY on Wednesday, July 3, 2019 | 11:14 AM

Exercise 2: Pentesting Misconfigured RPC Service and NFS Shares


Network File System (NFS) is a client/server application which allows you to view or share files and folders between Linux/Unix systems. It is a way of mounting Linux discs/directories over a network.
RPC server is a program which accepts connections from an RPC client and provides services to the client.
Poor configuration of NFS and RPC services might allow attackers to:
i. First, find the NFS and mountd services running on a computer, using rpc
ii. Second, mount the NFS shares and view the contents in the mounted directories
As a pentester, you need to know how to enumerate RPC services and mount poorly configured servers.
Lab Duration20 Minutes
  1. Click @lab.VirtualMachine(KaliLinux(ExternalNetwork)).SelectLink. If the Kali Linux lock screen appears, click on the screen and press Enter. If it does not appear, skip to the next task.
  2. Type root in the Username field and click Next.
  3. Type toor in the Password field and click Sign In.
  4. In this lab, we will be scanning a subnet for live machines. Select one machine and pentest the machine to gain access to it.
    For doing a quick scan, we will do a ping sweep using Nmap. In this lab, we are choosing an internal network (Subnet D) for pentesting.
    Launch a command line terminal, type nmap -sP and press Enter.
    This displays all the hosts that are up in the network within a minute. In this lab, we are choosing (RPC Server Ubuntu Subnet D) as our target.
  5. Type nmap -T4 -A in the terminal and press Enter. This will launch an Nmap scan on RPC Server Ubuntu Subnet D machine.
  6. Nmap takes around 30 seconds to complete the scan.
    On completing the scan, you will observe that the services rpc, ftp, nfs and mountd are running on the victim machine.
    From the scan, it is observed that an NFS File system is mounted on the remote machine.
    In this lab, we shall focus on the RPCNFS and mountd services.
  7. Now, we shall perform RPC enumeration to enumerate all the RPC services.
    Type rpcinfo -p in the command line terminal and press Enter.
  8. We observe that nfs and mountd services are active on the remote machine.
  9. Now, we shall issue the showmount command to discover NFS shares listed in /etc/exports file of the remote machine. Type showmount -e and press Enter.
    This will display all the NFS shares on the remote machine as shown in the screenshot below:
  10. As we saw in the previous task, the /home file system was shared on the remote machine.
    We will be mounting this file system on the Kali Linux machine to the mnt directory.
    To mount, type mount -t nfs /mnt -o nolock and press Enter.
    -t specifies the type of the file system (nfs).
    Specifying nolock disables the file locking.
  11. Now, we have successfully mounted the file system to the /mnt directory.
    To view the contents of the file system, we need to change the present directory to /mnt.
    Type cd /mnt and press Enter.
  12. Type ls and press Enter to view the files and directories contained in the /home folder i.e., /mnt.
  13. As a proof of concept, we shall now view the contents of a secret.txt file located in the administrator/Documents directory.
    Type cat administrator/Documents/secret.txtand press Enter.
  14. On entering the command in the previous task, the cat command displays the file contents in the secret.txt file successfully, meaning we have successfully mounted the remote file system and accessed the contents in it.
  15. Now, we shall see if we are able to tamper/delete the files in the remote file system.
    Type rm administrator/Documents/secret.txtand press Enter.
    To confirm that the file has been successfully deleted, type cat administrator/Documents/secret.txt and press Enter.
    The terminal displays an error stating no such file or directory has been found.
    This proves that we have unrestricted access to the file system.
  16. The reason we were able to access the remote shares is:
    1. The entire subnet has been specified in the exports file, allowing everyone in that particular network to access the file.
    We were able to manipulate the files in the file system since:
    1. no_root_squash option was enabled, allowing any user to perform read, write and execute actions on the mounted file system.
    This is just a proof of concept to show the reason for the vulnerability and you are not required to log in to the machine to view the above-mentioned file.
In this lab, you have learned how to enumerate RPC services and mount NFS shared directories.
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